However, some controversial English courts indicated that, in certain circumstances, contracts and acts performed could be virtually unenforceable. To clarify the legal situation, guidelines have been published by the Law Society Committee of the Law Society Company and the City of London Law Society Law and Financial Law Committee. These guidelines should be taken into account when preparing closures or signatures, particularly when some parties wish to sign documents in practice because they cannot personally attend the meeting. If the two signatories are not able to sign the same copy of a document, for example. B if the signatories are established in different locations, it is preferable that the document be executed by a director in the presence of a witness. In short, contracts and deeds can usually be signed nearby. The absence of a specific counter-value clause should not affect the validity of an act when an act has been performed in return. Such a clause may, however, help prevent another party from arguing that an agreement is not binding. They could argue that in the absence of a counter-clause, they did not know that they had entered into a binding contract by signing an agreement not signed by the other parties. Different jurisdictions have addresses in which an email can be used as a binding contract. In short, an email may be a handwriting capable of being a contract if signed by the party, or someone who has the right to engage the party and who contains the terms of the contract. Of course, the signature required on the email must be a valid electronic signature.
Simple contracts and documents generally contain a clause expressly authorizing the execution of the document in return. The counterparty clause states that the parties are not obliged to sign the same copy of an agreement and that all copies may be treated as original for evidence. Some clauses provide that the agreement is effective only when one of the parties complies with the agreement it has signed. Oppositions are also useful when the parties to an agreement want to ensure that each copy of the agreement is recognized as original. Parties often require more than an original copy of an agreement for tax, regulatory or other purposes. Technically, all parties, when executing a certain number of copies of the same document, are more duplicates than counter-parties, and, as a result, some lawyers also refer to duplicates in the counterparty clause. A (relatively) new issue in contract law is when an electronic signature functions as an ordinary paper letter signature to attach it to an agreement. Examples of electronic signatures are the entry of your own name at the end of an email, the click of a «I agree» button, or the entry of your name or code, password or PIN in a field in an electronic form.